Visa

Visa

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If you are going to visit USA, the first thing you would require a Visa. A Visa is an official permission that helps you enter a foreign country and stay there permanently or for a particular period of time. It is placed in the traveler’s passport, a travel document issued by the traveler’s country of citizenship. Based on the purposes and how long you would stay in the United States of America, there are different classes and subclasses of Visas.

ARTIST VISA
For those who are well known in the entertainment and sports industries there are some particular rules for applying visa.
For famous athletes and entertainers and their support personnel is used a category O nonimmigrant visa. P visas are given to performers if they are a part of a famous or unique troupe or company. These visas can be applied quickly, sometimes during few days.

O - 1 VISA
The nonimmigrant O - 1 visa is a temporary way for individuals if they demonstrate an amazing ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics, to enter the United States to practice their art.

The Four Classifications of O- Visas:
• O - 1A visa: For those with an amazing ability in non-artistic areas (sciences, education, business, or athletics; not arts, tv or film)
• O - 1B visa: For those with an amazing ability or achievement in the arts (writing, painting, motion picture or television industry, etc)
• O-2 visa: For those who accompany an O - 1 eligible artist or athlete, to help with an event or performance (e.g. manager, coach, security etc.)O-3 visa:

O-2 VISAS – SUPPORT PERSONNEL
O-2 visa is for the support team of the primary O - 1(s), that is a person who will accompany an O - 1 artist or athlete, to help in a particular event or performance. The primary period of stay can generally be allowed for up to 3 years and prolonged for periods of 1 year depending on the foreigner’s work.

P-1B VISA ENTERTAINMENT GROUP
The P-1B visa is for participant(s) of an entertainment group recognized internationally as excellent in the discipline for a pernament and considerable period of coming to the U.S. for temporary performance.

P-2 VISAS – INDIVIDUAL OR GROUP PERFORMERS
The P-2 is for artists performing under a government recognized mutual exchange program. In addition, the artist should have skills similar to those of the United States artists and entertainers participating in the program outside the United States. The P-2 categorization applies to foreigners coming temporarily to perform as an artist or entertainer, as an individual or as part of a team, under amutual exchange program between an organization in the United States and an organization in other country.

P-3 VISAS – ARTISTS OR ENTERTAINERS
The P-3 categorization applies to foreigners coming to the U.S. temporarily to perform, teach or coach as artists or entertainers, as a person or as part of a group, under a program that is culturally individual. To have a P-3 visa, the foreigner should be coming to the United States either individually or as a group for the purpose of developing, interpreting, representing, coaching, or teaching a unique or traditional ethnic, folk, cultural, musical, theatrical, or artistic performance.

WORK-BASED / BUSINESS VISAS
In order to come to the United States lawfully as a nonimmigrant to work temporarily in the United States your employer to-be must present a nonimmigrant petition on your behalf with USCIS. It is very usual for large U.S. businesses to hire foreign workers. Foreign workers often can apply for green cards while they are working in the U.S. Many nonimmigrant visa categories can be used, depending on the specific circumstances and the formal legal structure of the business. B-1, E-1, E-2, H-1B, H-2B, L-1, O, P and R visas all serve the employment needs of U.S. businesses.

E-1 VISAS – TREATY TRADER
The Treaty Trader E-1 visa is for a citizen of a country with which the United States maintains a agreement of commerce and navigation. The citizen of a coutry is coming to the U.S. to carry on considerable trade, including trade in services or technology, principally between the U.S. and the E1 Visa treaty country.

E-2 VISA: THE FOREIGN INVESTOR’S ENTRY PERMIT
The E-2 visa categorization allows qualified, treaty country-based foreign citizens, who have a controlling investment in a US to temporarily stay in the US to conduct their business. The E-2 visa can also be operated for qualifying employees of treaty investors or companies who are coming to work for that employer in the US, in particular situations.

E-3 VISAS FOR AUSTRALIANS
Because of the large number of economic, cultural, and economic factors between US and Australia there are certain provisions in the immigration legislation of the US to grant greater ease to Australian citizens concerning immigration goals with the US.

There are several criteria that an applicant must meet to be eligible for the E3 visa categorization.

• Be a national of Australia
• Have a legitimate offer of employment in the US from a bona fide US employer
• Be academically and professionally qualified and accredited for the position
• According to legislative standards – this isn’t as subjective as it could be construed to be
• Have every intention to fill a position that qualifies as a specialty occupation according to US law
• There are certain USCIS standards which determine a job’s standing as a specialty occupation – speak with a Los Angeles immigration attorney or Beverly Hills immigration attorney from our full-service immigration law firm to learn more.

H-1B VISA
The H-1B categorization is such a visa category and is used by a great number of US employers to hire or continue to hire foreign national workers. To be classified as a specialty occupation, a position should meet at least one of the following qualifications:

• The minimum qualification for employment for the position is a Bachelor’s degree or a greater degree or the equivalent of such a degree
• The degree requirement for the position is the industry standard for the position, or the particular position is so unique in its nature that only an individual with a degree could successfully hold it
• The employer normally holds to the degree requirement for the position, if not in this specific instance
• The duties involved with the position are of such a highly specialized nature that the knowledge to complete said duties is commonly only considered to be held by individuals who comply with the degree requirement.

H-2B VISA
The H-2B visa non-agricultural temporary worker program lets U.S. employers to bring foreign citizens to the United States to fill temporary nonagricultural jobs. A U.S. employer should present a Form I-129, Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker, on a future worker’s behalf.

H-3 VISAS FOR TRAINEES
The nonimmigrant H-3 visa is for an foreigner who comes temporarily to the United States as a:
• Trainee to receive training, other than graduate or medical education training, that is not available in the alien’s home country.
• Special Education Exchange Visitor to take part in a specific education exchange visitor training program for children with physical, mental, or emotional disabilities.

L-1A VISAS FOR EXECUTIVES OR MANAGERS
The nonimmigrant L-1 Visa categorization allows a U.S. employer to transfer an executive or manager from one of its adopted foreign offices to one of its offices in the United States. The L-1 visa also allows a foreign organization which does not yet have an adopted U.S. office to send an executive or manager to the United States with the purpose of confirming one.

L-1B VISAS FOR SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE
The L-1B Visa nonimmigrant categorization allows a U.S. employer to transfer a professional employee with specialized knowledge relating to the company's interests from one of its adopted foreign offices to one of its offices in the United States. The L1B visacategorization also allows a foreign organization which does not yet have an adopted U.S. office to send a specialized knowledge employee to the United States to help confirm one under the L-1 visa.

P-1A VISAS FOR ATHLETES
The P-1 visa was formed to enables athletes or athletic teams to travel to the United States to take part in internationally known sports competitions. To qualify for the P-1 visa, the athletic team should be internationally well-known in more than one countries and they must be traveling to the United States to participate in sports competitions.

R-1 VISA FOR RELIGIOUS WORKERS
The R-1 visa is one of the temporary worker categories, and it lets a religious organization to present an application on behalf of an proficient religious worker or minister. A person who has R-1 visa is allowed to travel to the United States and work for that religious organization for a maximum period of 5 years.

TN VISAS FOR NAFTA PROFESSIONALS
The nonimmigrant TN visa categorization allows qualified Canadian and Mexican citizens to enter temporary into the United States to engage in business activities at a professional level. There are types of professionals who are eligible to seek admission as TN visa nonimmigrants are accountants, engineers, lawyers, pharmacists, scientists, and teachers.

VISITOR VISAS
You first must apply for a visa before traveling to the United States if you are not an American citizen or a permanent resident of the U.S. The visa type or classification will be different. It depends on your intention or purpose of travel. If someone comes to the U.S. with a visitor’s visa, he or she has historically been given allowance to stay there for six months. Also applicants who doesn't know exactly what they plan to do in the U.S. and how long will they stay it would be limited to a stay of only 30 days.

B-1 VISA FOR BUSINESS VISITORS
If the purpose for your planned travel is to travel for a scientific, educational, professional or business convention, or conference on specific dates, settle an estate, or negotiate a contract than your Business B-1 visa is correspoding. The non-immigrant Business B-1 Visitor visa is usually given for a period of 6 months. There are certain cases when the consulate may give it for longer period of time.

B-2 VISA FOR TOURIST VISITORS
The B-2 visa is for people who desire to visit the United States temporarily or to visit family or friends. B-2 visa is appropriate for The B-2 visa is most generally used for tourists who wants visit the U.S. to travel or have a vacation. The B-2 visa lets foreign citizens to visit friends and relatives in the U.S. Also people who need to get medical treatment in the U.S. may travel under this visa categorization.

VISA WAIVER PROGRAM
The Visa Waiver Program allows citizens of 40 countries to travel to the United States for business or tourism up to 90 days without a visa. In return, those 40 countries should allow U.S. citizens and nationals to travel to their countries for a similar period of time without a visa for business or tourism purposes.
Visa Waiver Program is restricted to travelers possessing passports with specified security points. There are some Visa Waiver Program requirements.

• The passport is required to have a machine-readable zone on the biographic page.

• The passport is required to be an electronic passport with a digital chip containing biometric information about the passport owner.

CHANGE OF STATUS
A “change of your status” may be required whether you are authorized to engage in employment activities under your visa classification. Qualifying for a change of status is the “legal entry” and it means that a foreigner cannot enter the U.S. without inspection and later apply for a change of status. This is because the person applying for a change of status should already have a valid visa status before it.

EXTENSION OF STAY
A foreigner is responsible for departure to the U.S. at the expiration of his or her authorized stay. Authorized stay for the visa for a certain period depends on your visa type and this can range from 3 months to 3 years, with certain exceptions. He or she can apply for an extension of stay or a change of status. There are particular conditions and criteria that you'll meet in order to qualify for an extension of stay.

FAMILY VISAS FOR IMMIGRATION
You can get a green card if you have a, wife, husband, parent, child (who is over 21 years old), brother or sister who is a U.S. citizen. An american relative should invite you and be ready to cooperate during the immigration process, acting as your financial sponsor.

HUSBAND OR WIFE OF U.S. CITIZEN
Whether your foreign spouse is already in the U.S. or outside of it , you'll need to prepare and file all the necessary forms and documents in order to apply for an adjustment of status to that of permanent resident. Husband or wife of a U.S. Citizen can apply for an adjustment of status after the U.S. Citizen spouse files a foreign relative petition.

CHILD OF U.S. CITIZEN
If U.S. Citizens want to permanently bring their children to the United States, they may petition for (unmarried and under 21), unmarried sons and daughters (21 or over) and married sons and daughters.

K-1 VISAS FOR FIANCÉ(E) OF U.S. CITIZEN
If U.S. citizens wish to bring a foreign national fiance living abroad to the United States to marry them they may petition for a K-1 visa. The fiance visa lets your fiance to enter the United States for 90 days so that your marriage ceremony can take place. Once you marry, your spouse can apply for permanent residence and stay in the United States during the all processes.

K-3 & K-4 VISAS FOR NON-IMMIGRANT FAMILY MEMBERS
The K-3 nonimmigrant visa is for the foreign-citizen spouse of a United States (U.S.) citizen. According to the U. S immigration law, a foreign citizen who marries a U.S. citizen outside the U.S. should apply for the K-3 visa in that country where the marriage took place. Immigration law give a permission to the spouse of a U.S. citizen and his or her minor children to entry to the United States as nonimmigrants while they are waiting for the processes for permanent residence to be completed. In addition, it also allows them to get an employment authorization while they are waiting.

PARENTS OR SIBLINGS OF U.S. CITIZEN
If you are a U.S. Citizen, you may petition to your parents and siblings. Also you have an permission to file for your parents to receive permanent residence in the United States. Citizens of the United States would need to prove their citizenship. They may present their birth certificate, a certificate of naturalization, a copy of US passport or a consular report of birth abroad.

STUDENT VISAS
Foreign citizens wishing to get education in the United States, whether academic or vocational, should first obtain a student visa before doing it. There are two main kinds of student visas: F-1 visa and M-1 visa. F-1 visas are issued to full-time academic or language students. M-1 visas are given to vocational or other non academic students.

F-1 STUDENT VISA
The F-1 Visa (Academic Student) lets you enter the United States as a full-time student at an accredited college, university, seminary, conservatory, academic high school, elementary school, or other academic institution or in a language training program. You should register in a program or course of study that is close to your degree, diploma, or certificate and your school must be authorized by the U.S. government to accept international students.

M-1 STUDENT VISA
The M-1 Visa is US Visa for foreign students who wish to get nonacademic or vocational studies, other than language training. In order to receive M-1 classification you first must apply to study at an USCIS-approved school in the United States. You should also be prepared to prove that you have the financial resources for your education and living in the United States.

J-1 VISA FOR EXCHANGE VISITORS
J-1 classification is for certain exchange visitors to take part in an approved program of the Department of State for the purpose of teaching, instructing or lecturing, studying, observing, conducting research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, receiving training, or receiving graduate medical education or training.