Green Card

Green Card

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A “Green Card” or so called “immigration visa” opens the door to many people who wants to stay and work in the US every year. Green card is an identification document that allows you to live without restrictions in any US state, entry unlimited times to the US without Visa. There are many methods to obtain a green card, but all green cards are exactly alike. Every green card has the same advantage: that is the right to work and live in the U.S. permanently. Each Green Card category have particular steps and processes. Here are some general procedures to help you apply for green card.

• Green Card for Employment-Based Immigrants
U.S. immigration law provides aliens with a variety of ways to become lawful permanent residents (get a Green Card) through employment in the United States. These employment-based (EB) “preference immigrant” categories include:

• First preference (EB-1) – priority workers
- Aliens with extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics;
- Outstanding professors and researchers; or
- Certain multinational managers and executives.

• Second preference (EB-2) – aliens who are members of the professions holding advanced degrees or who have exceptional ability (including requests for national interest waivers).

• Third preference (EB-3) – skilled workers, professionals, or other workers.
This page provides specific information for aliens in the United States who want to apply for lawful permanent resident status in the EB-1, EB-2, and EB-3 categories while in the United States. This is called “adjustment of status.”

• Green Card for Family Preference Immigrants
U.S. immigration law allows certain noncitizens who are family members of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents to become lawful permanent residents (get a Green Card) based on specific family relationships. If you are the spouse, minor child or parent of a U.S. citizen, please see the Green Card for Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizen page for information on how to apply for a Green Card.


• First preference (F1) - unmarried sons and daughters (21 years of age and older) of U.S. citizens;
• Second preference (F2A) - spouses and children (unmarried and under 21 years of age) of lawful permanent residents;
• Second preference (F2B) - unmarried sons and daughters (21 years of age and older) of lawful permanent residents;
• Third preference (F3) - married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens;
• Fourth preference (F4) - brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (if the U.S. citizen is 21 years of age and older).

This page provides specific information for noncitizens in the United States who want to apply for lawful permanent resident status based on a family preference category while in the United States. This is called “adjustment of status.”

• Green Card for an Immediate Relative of a U.S. Citizen
If you are an immediate relative of a U.S. citizen, you can become a lawful permanent resident (get a Green Card) based on your family relationship if you meet certain eligibility requirements.
You are an immediate relative if you are:
• The spouse of a U.S. citizen;
• The unmarried child under 21 years of age of a U.S. citizen; or
• The parent of a U.S. citizen (if the U.S. citizen is 21 years of age or older).
• This page provides specific information for immediate relatives in the United States who want to apply for lawful permanent resident status while in the United States. This is called “adjustment of status.”


GREEN CARD PROCESSES


GREEN CARD ELIGIBILITY CATEGORIES
Find out if you are eligible for permanent resident status.
If you want to apply for Green Card, you should be eligible under some categories.

ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS

Adjustment of status is the process that can help you apply for lawful permanent resident status if you are present in the United States. It means that you should obtain a Green Card without having to return to your home country to complete the process.

CONSULAR PROCESSING
If an immigrant visa number is immediately available to you, and if you are the beneficiary of an approved immigrant petition, there are two ways to apply for Green Card. If you are not in the United States, you can apply at a U.S. Department of State consulate abroad for an immigrant visa in order to be admitted as a permanent resident, when you come to United States. This pathway is called a consular processing.


Concurrent filing of Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status is when an adjustment of status application is filed earlier than the confirmation of the underlying immigrant visa petition. They can be considered concurrently filed if the adjustment of status application (Form I-485) is filed after the immigrant visa petition but while the immigrant visa petition remains pending.

VISA AVAILABILITY AND PRIORITY DATES
The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) defines the number of immigrant visas the U.S. Department of State can issue to non citizens seeking to get a Green Card each year. To issue the visas among all categories, DOS gives the visas according to a prospective immigrant’s preference category, country of chargeability, and priority date. DOS uses the priority date to define an immigrant’s place in the visa queue. When the priority date becomes available, immigrants may be able to apply for adjustment of status and get lawful permanent resident status.

TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
You may carry different types of travel documents if you have an application for an immigration benefit pending, or any immigration status.In particular cases, you must apply for these documents before you leave the United States.

• Advance parole
• Refugee travel document
• Re-entry permit
• Carrier documentation.

EMPLOYMENT AUTHORIZATION DOCUMENT
Having an Employment Authorization Document is one way to prove that you have permission to work in the United States for a certain period of time. If you are a lawful permanent resident, there is no need to apply for an EAD. Your permanent resident card (Green Card) is a proof of your employment authorization.

FINDING A MEDICAL DOCTOR
Exam takes place in the United States, where all surgeons are located. Department of State panel physicians are located abroad and they are used when you want to apply for immigration through consular processing outside of the United States, not for applicants submitting Form I-485.

AFFIDAVIT OF SUPPORT
An affidavit of support is a legally enforceable contract. The sponsor’s responsibility usually goes on until the family member or other person either becomes a U.S. citizen, or is credited with 40 quarters of work (usually 10 years).

PUBLIC CHARGE
“Public charge” is a basis of inadmissibility. Basis of inadmissibility are reasons that a person could be denied a green card, visa, or admission into the United States.

CHILD STATUS PROTECTION ACT
The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) determines a child as an individual who is both unmarried and under 21 years old. Someone who applies for lawful permanent resident (LPR) status as a child but turns 21 before being confirmed for LPR status, that person can no longer be considered a child for immigration purposes.
Our professionals will help you fill instructions of supporting documents, and organize your application.